Bukutu, Cecilia — 2022-06-14 <p><i>Introduction/background:</i></p> <p>The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a significant global impact on the health and wellness of the population. Limited published literature exists on the information-seeking behaviour during the pandemic, of young adults, who were at start of the pandemic thought to be less susceptible to COVID-19. This study sought to bridge this gap by administering a survey among postsecondary students in Alberta. The study examined health-related information needs, preferred information sources, and behavioural efforts to prevent COVID-19 and maintain a healthy lifestyle during the pandemic.</p> <p><i>Methods:</i></p> <p>A cross-sectional study was conducted in Alberta among postsecondary students in March 2021. Using convenience sampling a link to a pre-validated questionnaire was posted on Alberta based post-secondary institutions online social media platforms (Facebook, LinkedIn).</p> <p><i>Results and analysis:</i></p> <p>A total 573 postsecondary students completed the survey. For COVID-19 related information students relied on instant messaging applications such as WhatsApp (52%) and print media (52%). Information on COVID-19 vaccine availability and safety and the changes in by-laws was reported to be vital by 70% of respondents. The preferred COVID-19 information source (60%) was the internet, namely official health websites (e.g., Alberta Health Services). Challenges to accessing COVID-19 information were too many conspiracy theories about COVID-19 (60%) and contradicting information from online sources (53%). Students reported an increase in consumption of fast food (38%); sitting and screen time (82%), time spent in searching for general health-related information (50%); use of natural health products (32%) and a decrease in the time dedicated to physical activities (49%). Over 23.7% of students reported being unsure or would not get the COVID-19 vaccine, while 35% of responded were either unsure or believed vaccines were unsafe.</p> <p><i>Conclusions and implications for policy, practice or additional research:</i></p> <p>As post-secondary institutions and public health professionals prepare for in-person classes, after a year of predominantly online learning these results provide baseline information that can be used to plan and communicate appropriate interventions (e.g., targeted vaccination campaigns) and support strategies that mitigate COVID-19 outbreaks and keep students informed and healthy.</p> This dataset is restricted. Please consult the access guidelines document in order to learn more about why this is, under what conditions access will be allowed, and the process for requesting access.
Exploring the relationship between threat arising from the COVID-19 pandemic and posttraumatic growth, values congruent behaviour, and prosocial behaviour
Marjanovic, Zdravko; Comeau, Thea — 2022-06-14 The COVID-19 pandemic presents an opportunity to study the collective traumatic impacts of a global health crisis. Collective trauma refers to an event or period of time during which large numbers of people are exposed to threat, in such a way that it impacts the beliefs or narratives of the group indefinitely (Shamai, 2016). This can include acute stressors, escalating stressors (i.e.; public health epidemics), and chronic stressors (Luszcynska et al., 2009). The COVID-19 pandemic can be classified as escalating collective trauma. Collective trauma can lead to positive psychological outcomes (PPO) such as posttraumatic growth (PTG) (Wozniak et al., 2020) and prosocial behavior (Frazier et al., 2013). PTG is defined as, “positive psychological changes experienced as a result of the struggle with traumatic or highly challenging life circumstances” (Tedeschi et al., 2018, p.3). It can include changes in self, relationships, and worldview (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1995). In order for PTG to develop, the traumatic stressor must be sufficient to disrupt previous core beliefs and elicit struggle to recreate worldview (Tedeschi et al.). It is unknown whether financial threat would yield sufficient distress to create the conditions necessary to foster PTG. Prosocial behavior is defined as an interpersonal behavior that is socially and contextually determined to be beneficial to others (Dovidio et al., 2006). When survivors of trauma report PTG and participation in prosocial behaviors, they describe increases in well-being (Frazier et al., 2013). Communities benefit from PPOs as they can yield increased helping behavior by survivors (Frazier et al., 2013). Existing research on the positive outcomes of collective trauma, however, predominantly focuses on mass casualty events such as school shootings (Wusik et al., 2015) or terrorist events (Rime et al., 2010). More information is needed to understand how global health crises, like the COVID-19 pandemic, contribute to the development of PPOs. This research project will examine the following hypotheses: 1. High ratings of threat and disruption of core beliefs will relate to higher PTG 2. Individuals who report PTG will also report increased engagement in prosocial behaviours and values congruent behaviours. 3. Prosocial and Values congruent behaviours will be most highly correlated with the Appreciation of Life and New Possibilities domains of PTG. This dataset is restricted. Please consult the access guidelines document in order to learn more about why this is, under what conditions access will be allowed, and the process for requesting access.
Stirling, Glenda; Kerley, Jolaine; Howarth, Caroline; Hiemstra, Josiah — 2022-06-14 The objectives of this research were to examine the impact of the rapid shift to online teaching due to Covid 19 on Fine Arts performance (Music and Drama) Students and Faculty and then to investigate the efficacy of integrating online strategies and resources to support traditional face to face teaching. As teaching/learning performance in drama and music aim at embodied communication and interpretation within live performance, our disciplines are highly impacted by online learning. Findings of this qualitative data combined with research on the experience of other Fine Arts institutions and surveys of available resources will be applied to further research. This dataset is restricted. Please consult the access guidelines document in order to learn more about why this is, under what conditions access will be allowed, and the process for requesting access.
Machine Learning Based Rapid Self-Assessment and Understanding of COVID-19 Disease Progression to Support Public Policy Decisions
Saha, Baidya — 2022-06-15 Covid-19 is an unprecedented global pandemic. Policymaking in this highly uncertain, complex, and rapidly changing environment has been extremely challenging which led to multiple waves of the pandemic. In this study machine and especially deep learning-based models have been developed which facilitates the analysis of big online social media data and could measure the effects of Covid-19 on the mental health of the citizens. Policymakers could benefit by using the models and identifying the people's needs and taking action accordingly to avoid severe socio-economic damage.
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